ARRESTING RURAL MIGRATION

Poor and deprived village folk are attracted to the cities by the job opportunities, medical facilities and other necessities in life. This exodus is further fueled by the rapid expansion of urban areas. Among other problems, the migration leads to neglect of agricultural lands, consequent soil erosion and lack of drinking water. This migration also places excessive strain on urban infrastructure. One of HELPO’s goals is to arrest this exodus to the cities. HELPO identified Health, the environment, income generation and education as important areas of focus to arrest this migration.

HEALTH AND NUTRITION FOCUS:

Medical Checkup

Medical Checkup

A number of key factors have contributed to the development of poor health and nutrition in rural India: historicity, inaccessibility to or unavailability of information and lack of education.

The HELPO approach is to provide health service and communication through medical camps, grass-root level surveys and studies. The central idea was to offer immediate and local medical services in the villages through HELPO health professionals and volunteers on a periodic basis. HELPO implemented this via its ‘Institution of Sanistinoj’ program.

HELPO AIDS Awareness Program

HELPO AIDS Awareness Program

Over the past two decades, HELPO has also undertaken numerous health related initiatives. Here is a sampling of the initiatives.

- Personal Hygiene Training (1991)
- Maternity and Child Care Program (1992)
- European Economic Community – Food Supplement Program (1992-94)
- Nutrition Education Program (1992)
- Clean Clothing Program (1993)
- Maternal/Child Health Clinics (1992-96)
- HELPO Nature Cure Center (1994)
- Family life education to the adolescent (1995)
- AIDS Awareness Program (1997)

ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION AND CONSERVATION:

Soak Pit In The Making

Soak Pit In The Making

HELPO was also involved in environmental sanitation and conservation. The objective was to create adequate community awareness on waste water management, garbage disposal and kitchen gardens to bring about a favorable change in the present attitudes and condition of the villages. Here is a sampling of HELPO’s environmental initiatives.

New HELPO Latrines

New HELPO Latrines

- Smokeless Chula Program (1993)
- Sanitary Toilet Program (1993-97)
- Latrine/BioGas Plant (1993)
- Garbage Pit Program (1993)
- Waste Water Management – Soakpits (1993)
- Cross Ventilation Program (1993)

 

 

POVERTY ALLEVIATION:

Candle making Training

Candle making Training

Income generation and other forms of urgent economic support are crucial to alleviating poverty. HELPO has undertaken multiple initiatives to further this cause. Here is a sampling:

 

 

 

- Dust Free Chalk Manufacturing Program (1991-96)
- Entrepreneurship Support Program (1994)
- Woman Leadership Development Seminars (1994)
- Orthopedic Appliance Unit (1994)
- Kitchen Garden Program (1993)
- Garment Centre Establishment (1997)
- Development of Credit Society (1993)
- Implementation of Government Schemes for Poverty Alleviation (1997)
- Street Child and Aged Care (1994-95)

EDUCATION:

Girl Child Education - Classroom

Girl Child Education - Classroom

Women are considered the makers of the Indian family. Unfortunately, rural women are not encouraged and often don’t have access to personal growth and development through education. HELPO has joined the movement of women empowerment through education. Here is a sampling of HELPO’s work.

- Nursery Education (1991)
- Child Sponsorship Program (1995)
- Adult Literacy Program (1996)
- School Coaching Program (1997)
- Girl Child Education Program (1999-2009)

HELPO’s initiatives spanning health, the environment, income generation and education are not water tight compartments or isolated experiments. Each HELPO initiative fits into HELPO’s overall vision of sustainable rural development aimed at arresting and reversing the rural migration to the cities.